Human sex trafficking is a growing problem in Native American communities and among urban Natives. According to Covenant House, 1 of every 4 homeless teens in Anchorage are victims of sex trafficking, and of those, 42% are Alaska Native teens. According to the FBI, Anchorage has a growing demand for teen prostitutes. The federal Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA) of 2000 and subsequent amendments have resulted in improved FBI targeting of the human sex trafficking trade, including investigations by the Anchorage FBI Office, prosecutions by the US Attorneys Office, and victim services from the Alaska Institute of Justice (trauma-informed legal advocacy, legal representation, and assistance in accessing social services).

On April 11, 2018, the Fight Online Sex Trafficking Act (FOSTA) was signed into law ( ). At present the law is undergoing a number of legal challenges, and is being adopted into the regular processes of federal, state, municipal, and tribal law enforcement. Public commentary to August, 2019, indicate that a number of unanticipated problems have emerged.